the History of Australia during Colonization

australian flag

Australia is the most diversified country with 750,000 population strengths. It has an ancient culture, which developed 60,000 years back. All the groups in the country care for their country. In this article, you can learn more regarding the history of the country.

Aboriginal Australians

They lived in Australia for over 50,000 years. They have dated-back history, and nearly 250 languages existed in the country during the British arrival in 1788. The Aboriginal word Barani (a project), which means “yesterday” represents the detailed history of Sydney.

Claims of Captain cook

In 1606, the Dutch sighted Australia, but in 1770, Lieutenant Cook claimed possession of east Australia under the British Crown. His reports created enthusiasm among the authorities to set up a colony. This new territory was projected to develop British prisons and expand their empire.

Conflict, disease, and dispossession

1,500 convicts, civilians, marines, crew, and Captain Arthur Philip reached Sydney in 1788. According to reports, the Australian population has reduced to 90% due to 3 reasons. They include an outbreak of new disease and violent and direct conflict among other colonizers.

Competition has started over resources and land with the development of colonies in Tasmania, Melbourne, and Brisbane. This has led to debates and violence in the country, and indigenous people are murdered brutally. The native Australians are shot down and made drunkards, infected with health problems, and tortured. Also, they are made as outcasts over their land.

According to reports, more than 20,000 Aboriginal people lost their life due to colonial violence. Also, more than 2,500 settlers lose their life to frontier conflict.

Convicts and fleet – 1788

In 1778, 11 boats reached Botany Bay to set up a penal colony (New South Wales). Later, convicts were sent to another state other than South Australia (free colony during 1836). More than 162,000 convicts reached Australia from Britain.

Gold Rush – 1850s

Gold has discovered in Australia in Bathurst, and then in Ballarat during 1851. By this, Australia became a desirable location for many people. In 1854, Eureka Stockade a rebellion against tax has started in Ballarat. During this time, 50,000 Chinese reached Australia to establish Chinatown.

World War I – 1915

In 1915, ANZACs (Australia and New Zealand Anzac Corps) participated in the Gallipoli campaign of World War I. More than 39% of the male population in Australia between 18 to 44 years participated in the war. So, the citizens of Australia pay tribute to the sacrifice of the Armed forces on April 25th.

Multiculturalism and new arrivals – 1945

Several Migrants came to Australia with the evolution of the Vietnam War and the end of World War II. More than 100,000 people were employed in the Snowy Mountain Scheme – 1949 to 1974. Among those, 70% of people are migrants from nearly 30 countries. In 1970, Asian migration has started and people from different parts of the World considered Australia home.

It’s difficult to explain how it feels if strangers get into your house and takes control of it. In the same way, the native people of Australia lost their identity, and their culture became complicated with the British colonization.